“Nature’s great masterpiece, an elephant; the only harmless great thing.” John Donne

The elephant has always been considered a majestic and somewhat mystical animal. They are one of my favourite animals and I had the privilege of spending many years living in close proximity with the beautiful Tsavo elephants while working on a wildlife conservation project.

There’s many great reasons why we’re drawn to them, not least of which is the symbolism and mythology surrounding elephants in many different cultures since antiquity. Some you may be familiar with; others may be new. In celebration of World Elephant Day on 12 August, let’s explore some of the most popular elephant legends.

Arguably the most revered creature in Asia

Perhaps one of the most worshipped deities that takes the form of an elephant is Ganesh. This Hindu god has the body of a human and the head of an elephant. He represents wisdom and is regarded as the remover of all obstacles and the bringer of good luck and prosperity.

In Japan, the deity Kangiten is considered the Japanese Buddhist form of Ganesh as he also has an elephant’s head and human body. Kangiten symbolises conjugal affection, and is worshipped by couples hoping for children. Sometimes Kangiten is portrayed as a pair of two humans with elephant heads in embrace.

White Elephant Legends

In Indian mythology, Indra, King of the Gods, was said to ride on a flying white elephant with six trunks and six pairs of tusks named Airavata. When Indra would ride into battle atop Airavati, he would hurl his thunderbolt at dark rain-bearing clouds, depicted as a herd of dark elephants, forcing them to release rain so that the red earth turned green. Therefore, white elephants are associated with royal power and the ability to produce rain.

In Buddhist legend it is believed that Queen Maya, the mother of the Buddha, conceived after having a dream that a white elephant entered inside her. This is why the white elephant is regarded as highly auspicious and signifies royalty and authority.

White elephants are also considered sacred in Thailand and Burma, and are a symbol of good luck and royalty. The ancient kings of Siam used to ride into battle on elephants; the more a king had, the more status and power he enjoyed. In fact, when King Rama IV found out that American President Abraham Lincoln had no elephants, he offered to send him some to assist in the Civil War; the President politely declined the offer.

Africa’s King of the Beasts

When an elephant crosses your path, you don’t need to inquire, ‘Oh, did something just pass by?’  – Yoruba Proverb

The elephant is a powerful and evocative creature in African culture. It is praised for its size, longevity, stamina, intelligence, clairvoyance, loyalty and its nurturing and cooperative spirit. 

South Africa uses elephant tusks in their coat of arms to represent wisdom, strength, moderation and eternity. Similarly, the coat of arms of Ivory Coast features an elephant head as its focal point.

Any object bearing a representation of the elephant is often thought to be symbolically infused with the animal’s attributes.

It appears on important ritual objects used in ancestor veneration and rites of passage, and it also adorns humble domestic objects and commercial products.  The popular Kenyan beer brand, Tusker, springs to mind!

Elephant Legends in popular culture

You’re probably familiar with some of these phrases and expressions, but do you know where they originated from and what they mean?

The phrase “an elephant never forgets” refers to their excellent memories and is related to how they survive. It is based on a scientific study that was conducted on elephants at Amboseli National Park in Kenya. Matriarch elephants, in particular, were found to hold a store of social knowledge that their families rely on.

The expression “elephant in the room” tells of an obvious truth that no one wants to discuss, alluding to the animal’s size compared to a small space.

And the term “white elephant” refers to an expensive possession that is costly to maintain in relation to its usefulness, or is difficult to dispose of and ends up being a burden.

Still need a reason to fall in love with our elephant jewellery? Find out more about elephant legends and their symbolism when you explore our bestselling designs under the Amani Collection and Big Five Collection.